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     Maternal-Fetal Medicine (MFM) physicians are high-risk pregnancy experts, specializing in the un-routine. Maternal-Fetal Medicine involves the evaluation and management of problems and diseases that may affect the mother or her baby. For moms-to-be with chronic health problems, we work with other specialists in an office or hospital setting to keep mom healthy as her body changes and her baby grows. We also care for moms who face unexpected problems that develop during pregnancy, such as early labor, bleeding, or high blood pressure. We’re the go-to for moms who arrive in the hospital while they are pregnant for any reason, whether after an accident or at the onset of a kidney infection. In other cases, it’s the baby who faces the un-routine. If we find birth defects or growth problems, we can start treatment before birth, providing monitoring, blood transfusions and surgery to support babies with the best possible care until they are ready to arrive in the world.


     A Maternal-Fetal Medicine sub-specialist is an obstetrician/gynecologist who has completed 4 years of Ob/Gyn training followed by 2-3 years of additional education and clinical experience to develop specialized skills to help both the mom and baby before and during an un-routine pregnancy. Our training includes both medical treatment and complex procedures for moms and babies. We are high-risk pregnancy experts.

     Our extra training enables us to conduct and interpret research on new approaches for pregnancy problems. Through educational courses, development of clinical protocols, and research, we share our knowledge of optimal care for complicated pregnancies with others. Our overarching goal is to improve outcomes for moms and babies.

     Maternal-Fetal Medicine physicians partner with multiple caregivers to consult, co-manage or care directly for complicated situations, both before, during and after pregnancy. We know it takes a team --starting with the mother and her family--to navigate the un-routine and achieve the best possible outcome.


     We offer patients the ability to undergo diagnostic or therapeutic procedures during pregnancy, such as:


  • Comprehensive ultrasound, including diagnostic 3D/4D imaging

  • Prenatal diagnostic procedures including genetic amniocentesis

  • Therapeutic procedures including amnioreduction, intrauterine fetal transfusion, or shunting


How is care coordinated between your provider and an MFM sub-specialist?


     It is recognized that many obstetricians-gynecologist are also qualified by training and experience to manage complicated pregnancies. Maternal-Fetal Medicine sub-specialists are complementary to obstetricians in providing consultations, co-management, or direct care for a complicated patients both before (pre-conceptional counseling) and during pregnancy. Maternal-Fetal Medicine sub-specialists also function in collaboration with family physicians and certified nurse-midwives. The relationship between your provider and the Maternal-Fetal Medicine sub-specialist will depend upon the acuity of the condition and local circumstances.

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